Coconut jelly is a street dessert usually found in Thailand, Vietnam and The Philippines. It is made with agar-agar, coconut water and coconut kernel. Sometimes other colourful fruits are added into the same cup, or even served inside coconut shells. It is a refreshing mid-day snack that is usually consumed chilled to combat the hot afternoons.
If you are able, it is preferable to get young coconuts that have only about a half-centimetre of kernel, but not too young or the coconut water will be sour rather than sweet. If it is young enough, you can usually just scrape the flesh off with a spoon. Try to avoid coconuts that are too mature because the flesh tends to be too hard and will result in a coarse mouthfeel in the set jelly.
This recipe does not need a lot of sugar because the coconut water is quite sweet on its own. White sugar works best for a clear and translucent jelly with a clean tasting flavour, but you may substitute with raw sugar or palm sugar if you want a deeper colour jelly with a richer flavour.
Instead of using agar-agar strips, this recipe calls for agar-agar powder, which has a specific ratio of liquid to powder proportions for different stiffness of jelly. It’s one teaspoon to two cups for soft jelly, and two teaspoons to two cups for stiff jelly.
The coconut jellies sold at stalls are usually soft and light, but you can make the consistency stiffer with no more than one additional teaspoon of agar-agar powder. Any more than that will result in jellies that can be a bit too crunchy.
When I had this jelly in Vietnam, it was served in a tall tumbler with a medley of different fruits such as papaya, bananas, lychees, avocados and watermelon. But in Thailand, it was served plain with the shredded coconut flesh. Both variations were delicious in their own ways, and they give a wide interpretation of how you wish to serve your coconut jelly.
- 1 young coconut to yield 2 cups coconut water and ½ cup coconut kernel
- 2 cups cold water
- 100g sugar
- 2-3 tsp agar-agar powder
- 4 pandan leaves
- Break open the coconut and save the coconut water. Shred the coconut kernel into julienne ribbons. If the coconut kernel is too mature, chop into a fine mince.
- Bring cold water to a boil with the knotted pandan leaves.
- Add the sugar and agar-agar powder and stir continuously until the sugar has dissolved and the agar-agar bloomed.
- Turn off the heat and remove pandan leaves. Filter the coconut water and stir into the pot.
- Pour the mixture into tiny cups or jars. Add the coconut kernel and refrigerate for 2 to 4 hours until set.
- Serve chilled on its own, or with other colourful fruits.